World Wide Web
The World Wide Web was initially established as a network of connected data through which people could communicate with each other using either electronic or manual equipment. Over the last two decades, broadband Internet service providers‘ expanding availability has made the World Wide Web even more widely available. These services have enabled people to access the web more effectively and within a shorter time. The expansion of content on the World Wide Web has led to the creation of new online services that have expanded the scope of human knowledge and provided new entertainment options. However, all this convenience and benefits come with a price. The lack of clear, accessible History has made the Internet more frustrating than rewarding for many.
The World Wide Web functions basically as the repository of all publicly accessible information on Earth. Information is categorized into logical layers, starting from the very base layers and progressing upwards. The human brain is good enough to comprehend the basic structure of the information space on the World Wide Web; however, when it comes to an understanding the relationships between layers, the difficulty increases. The World Wide Web’s problem and its relation with the present state of History has been identified as a challenge facing all the information systems on the world wide web. However, an easy solution to this problem can be found in the form of different information formats.
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to promoting cross-platform community development and information standards for the World Wide Web. Despite being nonprofit, the consortium makes every effort to ensure consistency across all its websites, in all their formats. Consistency refers to the fact that the same information appearing in different web standards will produce the same results. For example, both the HTML and XML standards will produce the same data on the web pages. Consistency in format is one of the prime considerations that the W3C keeps in mind while developing the various versions of its website standards.
Tim Berners-Lee was one of the first developers of the Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP), representing structured information on the World Wide Web. Originally, PHP was designed to process information that was sent via email. Due to its great potential and versatile nature, PHP soon became the town’s talk, and its applications started appearing on the web. At that point in time, the world wide web had only a single application, the Windows 95 internet browser.
The challenge presented by the Internet still remains, how to deliver content over the web in a manner that is compatible with all web standards, and at the same time, can be accessed by everyone on every device. This was the dilemma that Microsoft faced when it was trying to create a universal standard. Microsoft’s web development team worked extensively on designing the TCP/IP packets, making them machine-readable. This enabled the transfer of large volumes of data formats and file types across the Internet. In effect, Microsoft developed TCP/IP as a standard for the World Wide Web.
Currently, the Internet also faces another major challenge; that the availability of a machine-readable information space. Accessing files using a browser is a tiresome activity and can even cause a browser to crash or hang a computer. Developers have been working feverishly to provide an Internet user with machine-readable information space, the hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)’for the World Wide Web.
When the Hypertext Transfer Protocol was developed, it was designed as a simple protocol to be implemented easily by programmers. However, after a while, it was realized that a standard definition would need to be developed to allow both client and server computers to agree upon the definition of an HTTP transfer protocol. The Internet Working Group, responsible for standardizing the Internet’s common standards, has completed this task. Currently, the HTTP standardization is overseen by the WHATWG (the Internet Engineering Working Group) and the W3C (the World Wide Web Consortium).
Hypertext Markup Language, also known as HTML, is a set of HTML codes, which allow a user to create hypertext structures, such as web pages and hyperlinks. Some of the more popular hypertext markup languages are HTML, XML, and XMLS. HTML is the most widely used language for the World Wide Web, but its popularity is that it is easy to learn and can produce efficient results in a short time period. It also has the advantage of being the most extensible markup language on the World Wide Web. Some of the more advanced features, such as Modular Application Syndrome (MAS), have been added to the HTML language to make it more compatible with other software products.